Publications

  • Publicacoes
    Biodiversity: honour guidelines that reconcile world views

    IS director Bernardo Strassburg´s oppinion on the conflict in the biodiversity community over the ‘ecosystem services’ and ‘nature’s contributions to people’ approaches to biodiversity valuation. Biodiversity: honour guidelines that reconcile world views. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06734-1

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  • Publicacoes
    Strategic approaches to restoring ecosystems can triple conservation gains and halve costs

    International commitments for ecosystem restoration add up to one-quarter of the world’s arable land. Fulfilling them would ease global challenges such as climate change and biodiversity decline but could displace food production and impose financial costs on farmers. Here, we present a restoration prioritization approach capable of revealing these synergies and trade-offs, incorporating ecological and economic efficiencies of scale and modelling specific policy options. Using an actual large-scale restoration target of the Atlantic Forest hotspot, we show that our approach can deliver an eightfold increase in cost-effectiveness for biodiversity conservation compared with a baseline of non-systematic restoration. A compromise solution avoids 26% of the biome’s current extinction debt of 2,864 plant and animal species (an increase of 257% compared with the baseline). Moreover, this solution sequesters 1 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent (a 105% increase) while reducing costs by US$28 billion (a 57% decrease).

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  • Publicacoes
    Limiting the high impacts of Amazon forest dieback with no-regrets science and policy action

    Researchers reviewed published studies on the Amazonian savannalization hypothesis, which predicts deep changes in the world's largest rainforest due to climate change, and reported that without taking any action, the estimated costs of socio-economic damage to the region 30 after savannisation would range from $ 957 billion to $ 3.589 billion, while the estimated cost of preventive actions would range between $ 64.2 billion and $ 122 billion, a substantially lower estimate than damage estimates; however, the authors note that while the effectiveness of mitigation measures to avoid savannization - including reduced deforestation - remains uncertain, the adaptation actions proposed in the study would be beneficial, even if this savannization never occurs, according to the published Perspective in the scientific journal PNAS.

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  • Publicacoes
    Searching for solutions for the conflict over Europe’s oldest forest

    Logging of Europe's oldest forest, Białowieża Forest in Poland, has recently been suspended, likely driven by the European Court of Justice decision to impose fines of 100 000 euros per day, if clearing of the old stands continues. Although this is perceived as a victory of environmental activists over the Polish Forestry Sector, both sides claim to act in the best societal interest, backed up by the best science available. The near future of Białowieża Forest remains uncertain The dispute over Białowieża Forest is a typical conflict of interests represented by different stakeholders: environmentalists, scientists, local government, foresters and local business owners, and is related to value perception. We also highlight the financial aspect of the conflict and discuss how impacts on tourism may have far reaching consequences not only for the local population of Białowieża region, but also for the provision of worldwide-important ecosystem services such as unique biodiversity protection.

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  • Publicacoes
    Ecosystem services availability after changes in the land use and vegetation coverage: the case of Paraíba do Sul river valley

    Agnieszka Latawiec and Aline Rodrigues are the authors of the chapter "Ecosystem services availability after changes in the land use and vegetation coverage: the case of Paraíba do Sul river valley", from the book Geography of coffee in the Paraíba do Sul River Valley. The work presents reflections, studies and proposals for revitalization and sustainability for the Paraíba valley region, traversing the history of the coffee passage through the Paraíba River Valley and showing both the geographic and historical environmental view as well as the ecological and social costs incurred in the period.

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  • Publicacoes
    Look down— there is a gap— the need to include soil data in Atlantic Forest restoration

    Consideration of soil quality indicators is fundamental for understanding and managing ecosystems. Despite the evidence regarding the importance of soil for provision of local and global ecosystem services, such as water regulation and carbon sequestration, soil remains an under-investigated and undermined aspect of the environment. Here we evaluate to what extent soil indicators are taken into account in restoration. We focused on the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, a highly fragmented biome and a global biodiversity hotspot. We conducted a systematic literature review and we showed that the majority (59%) of the studies on restoration did not consider any soil indicator. Studies that demonstrated the importance of soil indicators most commonly reported soil pH (71%, n=44), followed by potassium content (66%, n=41) and phosphorus (64.5%, n=40), while the least reported indicator was water retention (6.5%, n=4). Only 40% of the retrieved studies included information about reference sites or project baseline inform

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  • Publicacoes
    Vol.:(0123456789) Biodiversity and Conservation https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1627-6 1 3 ORIGINAL PAPER Evaluating the impact of future actions in minimizing vegetation loss from land conversion in the Brazilian Cerrado under climate change

    The global network of protected areas (PAs) is systematically biased towards remote and unproductive places. Consequently, the processes threatening biodiversity are not halted and conservation impact—defined as the beneficial environmental outcomes arising from protection relative to the counterfactual of no intervention—is smaller than previously thought. Yet, many conservation plans still target species’ representation, which can fail to lead to impact by not considering the threats they face, such as land conversion and climate change. Here we aimed to identify spatial conservation priorities that minimize the risk of land conversion, while retaining sites with high value for threatened plants at risk from climate change in the Brazilian Cerrado. We compared a method of sequential implementation of conservation actions to a static strategy applied at one time-step. For both schedules of conservation actions, we applied two methods for setting priorities: (i) minimizing expected habitat conversion and prio

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  • Publicacoes
    The environmental costs and benefits of high-yield farming

    How we manage farming and food systems to meet rising demand is pivotal to the future of biodiversity. Extensive field data suggest that impacts on wild populations would be greatly reduced through boosting yields on existing farmland so as to spare remaining natural habitats.

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  • Publicacoes
    Researcher of IIS and partners publish article on the relationship between habitat quantity and species richness.

    The paper, recently published in the renowned Biological Conservation, tests the hypothesis of habitat amount when assessing if this the major factor to explain species richness. Robust configuration measures were compared, such as the average isolation of all forest patches within a certain buffer zone - which done in the wrong way, can lead to incorrect conclusions. The work demonstrates that the amount of habitat or average isolation of forest patches, if measured correctly, can explain species richness. According to IIS research Renato Crouzeilles— one of the authors – “the impact of this research is the implications of the results for decision-making on conservation and restoration strategies”.

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  • Publicacoes
    Sustainable Rural Development in Paraitinga River Basin, São Paulo - Integrated analysis of land use and of ecosystem services incorporation into regional policies formulation - Public policies and incentives for ecosystem services N. 3

    Based on the information obtained through the socioenvironmental, economic and land use survey, the third report of the study presents the greatest local needs and potentialities identified and considers them to propose possible public policies that can be developed in the region. Therefore, the purpose of this publication is to present tools that can be developed in Paraitinga River Basin region directed towards the sustainable rural development of the region, the increase in the income and the competitiveness of family agriculture in the Paraitinga River basin, simultaneously enabling the sustainable management of natural resources and social inclusion.

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  • Publicacoes
    Sustainable Rural Development in Paraitinga River Basin, São Paulo - Integrated analysis of land use and of ecosystem services incorporation into regional policies formulation - Scenarios of livestock intensification and impacts on services N. 2

    The objective of the second report was the development of land use scenarios based on potential livestock intensification in Paraitinga River Basin and, consequently, the impacts on biodiversity conservation, ecological restoration and provision of environmental services, considering the local context and the point of view of rural producers. In order to do this, the potential of pasture support capacity in different municipalities of the basin was evaluated, and scenarios for the increase of potential productivity were developed. Based on that, the area available for other land uses, such as agriculture and forestry restoration projects, was calculated. The study also provided an analysis of the consequences of productivity increase, considering the potential conflicts caused by competition for land in the basin.

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  • Publicacoes
    Sustainable Rural Development in Paraitinga River Basin, São Paulo - Integrated analysis of land use and of ecosystem services incorporation into regional policies formulation- Diagnosis of land cover and environmental land use N. 1

    The present technical product corresponds to the first report of the study and presents the diagnosis and analysis of the current situation related to land use and productive activities of the specified region, based on databases, official documents, previous socioenvironmental diagnoses, relevant legislation, specialized literature and stakeholder consultation. Through socioenvironmental survey, as well as land use and land cover mapping, the study resulted in diagnostics regarding land use "Area Characterization (land use mapping)"; socioeconomic aspects; and environmental and ecosystem services.

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  • Publicacoes
    TEEB São Paulo - Recommendation of policies for ecosystem services’ preservation, income generation and change in scenarios in Paraíba do Sul River Basin – Paulista Portion/SP

    An ecosystem services’ approach provides important information for policymakers to design and implement policies suitable for the local and/or regional economic and environmental potential, besides allowing the identification and quantification of trade-offs among different ecosystem services. Prioritization of the most relevant ecosystem services, as well as policies and initiatives that must be implemented in order to conserve and enhance them, is interesting for the entire society, and not only for policymakers. In this product, it was executed a detailed inventory and analysis of existent policies and initiatives, as well as bottlenecks for their implementation, and proposals were elaborated for their improvement and implementation, aiming a transition for the Sustainable Landscape Management (SLM) scenario, recognizing the importance of natural resources for the improvement of the population’s quality of life.

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  • Publicacoes
    TEEB São Paulo - Ecological and socioeconomic valuation of ecosystem services of Paraíba do Sul River Basin – Paulista Portion/SP

    Throughout land use spatial projections for the three different scenarios, it was possible to perform comparative analysis between the BAU scenario and the two alternative ones, obtaining the additionality in terms of ecosystem services’ provision regarding different activities in the alternative scenarios, specifically: Forest Code compliance in LC, and restoration spatial priorization in SLM. Ecosystem services modelled and economically valued were: sediment flow, soil loss, carbon sequestration and pollination. From the modeling and ecosystem services in the Basin, it was possible to provide subsidies for initiatives that aim to restore and maximize the provision of ecosystem services considered fundamental for ecological processes and the local Community.

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  • Publicacoes
    TEEB São Paulo - Use and land use scenarios of Paraíba do Sul River Basin – Paulista Portion/SP

    This report designed and compared three possible future scenarios of integrated land use in the Basin. The modelling of scenarios of future land use for the Basin was a step for the valuation of ecosystem services. The three designed scenarios were: 1) Business as Usual (BAU), in which future land use is based on the maintenance of trends that have occurred in recent years; 2) Legal Compliance (LC), in which zero deforestation is combined to the implementation of native vegetation recovery occurring inside rural properties that have environmental debts foreseen in NVPL; and 3) Sustainable Landscape Management (SLM), in which the implementation of sustainable practices in production inside rural properties with projected increase in areas of agriculture and zero deforestation is combined to the recovery of native vegetation foreseen in NVPL to supplement the environmental debt existing in rural properties.

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  • Publicacoes
    TEEB São Paulo - Consolidated Report Product I

    This report is the result of the combination of 4 by-products: I) Update of the geo-referenced mapping of land use and occupation of Paraíba do Sul River Basin - Paulista Portion on a regional scale; II) Inventory of main rural economic activities (livestock, agriculture and forestry); Elaboration of social, demographic and economic infomaps; IV) Participatory research to understand the perception of rural producers and other stakeholders considered in the study regarding priority ecosystem services. The report concluded that the development of policies and incentives in the studied region must involve socio-spatial relationships, infrastructure and physical features of each place, and take into account rural producers’ economic motivations and personal factors, so the change in land use can be implemented and productivity increase can release new areas for restoration and conservation of native forests, improving natural resources and biodiversity’s resilience of the region.

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS researchers and partners publish article highlighting the importance of transparency and sustainability in global supply chains

    In the article, researchers focus on governance sustainability for global commodity supply chains, indicating that the links between transparency and sustainability are poorly understood. In this context, they present a typology of information for supply chain governance. They also point out that existing transparency initiatives are limited and biased, and lastly, they present ten ways in which transparency can improve sustainability governance. The article was published on May 31, 2018, in World Development Magazine.

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  • Publicacoes
    One more published article from the IIS team and partners: Best practice for the use of scenarios for restoration planning

    Scenarios are important tools to facilitate the communication among scientists, practitioners, and decision-makers, and, thus to support policy and management decisions. The use of scenarios has an enormous potential to reduce ecosystem restoration costs and to optimize benefits, but this potential remains poorly explored. Here, we recommend and illustrate six best practices to guide the use of scenarios for planning native ecosystem restoration.

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners publish the article “Ecological restoration sucess is higher for natural regeneration than for active restoration in tropical forests” in the journal Science Advances of November 2017

    The article shows that restoration may not achieve the same biodiversity and vegetation structure values found in mature forests, but biodiversity and vegetation structure are between 34-56% and 19-56% higher in areas of natural regeneration than in active restoration areas, respectively. However, this is only clear when key biotic and abiotic factors are controlled. These results suggest that lower cost approaches may be more effective than active restoration to restore biodiversity and vegetation structure in tropical forests. The study does not affirm that natural regeneration is always the most cost-effective approach to forest landscapes restoration. When conditions are not appropriate for natural regeneration or where specific tree species are required, tree planting is recommended.

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  • Publicacoes
    Researcher at IIS and colaborators publish the article "Persistent effects of pre-Columbian planting on Amazonian forest composition" in Science in March 2017, receive questions and respond through a letter in Science from October 2017

    In 2017 a group of researchers led by ecologist Carolina Levis (National Institute of Amazonian Research / Wageningen University), among which the IIS researcher André Junqueira, published an article in Science (http://science.sciencemag.org/content/355/6328/925) showing that the distribution of domesticated species in the Amazon forest is related to past human occupation patterns. A group of researchers sent a reply to the article by Levis et al., in which they raise the possibility that the distribution of domesticated species could result from post- (and not pre-) Columbian human activity. In reply to this criticism, the CSRio researcher André Junqueira and collaborators published a letter in Science. Download the answer letter here.

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  • Publicacoes
    Methodology for Project Impact Assessment Using Sustainability Indicators

    In 2012 CI-Brazil requested the International Institute for Sustainability (IIS) to create a methodology for assessing the impacts of the "Produce and Conserve" project using sustainability indicators. The global objective was to estimate the impacts of the project in the future in medium to long term (approximately 10 years): 1) ecosystem services (water, biodiversity, carbon) and 2) socioeconomic conditions.

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners publish correspondence in Nature Ecology & Evolution in August 2017

    The correspondence talks a bit about how the economic, social and political crisis that Brazil is experiencing has also affected the environment. The recent environmental setbacks that Brazil is going through are against global environmental policies that the country has ratified and put its chances of combating deforestation in risk. Brazil will only overcome these difficult times when environmental conservation becomes a public policy priority again.

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  • Publicacoes
    Fighting deforestation alone fails tropical biodiversity

    International efforts to conserve tropical forest species will fail unless they control logging, wildfires and fragmentation in the remaining forests, this is the conclusion of the study ‘Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation’, which was published in in the world’s leading scientific journal Nature. For the first time, the researchers from 18 international research institutions, including 11 Brazilian institutions (with the participation of IIS), were able to compare the loss of species caused by human disturbances with those that result from habitat loss due to deforestation. The published version of the paper can be accessed from the Nature website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature18326

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners publish the article " Willingness to Adopt Biochar in Agriculture: The Producer’s Perspective " in the journal Sustainability

    Most research on biochar has focused either on the mechanistic or the biophysical aspects, and there has been relatively little research into the social applicability and acceptance of biochar as a soil enhancer in agriculture. However, whether to adopt biochar in their practice is ultimately the farmers’ decision, and their willingness to do so is crucial. In this article, we show the producer’s perspective on adopting biochar, using Polish farmers as a case study. Poland is an interesting case study because biochar has only recently attracted the attention of researchers, entrepreneurs, and other stakeholders there.

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners publish the article "Moment of truth for the Cerrado hotspot" in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution

    The article published on March 23, 2017, in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution, shows that the advance of deforestation in Cerrado could result in the extinction of 1140 plants species in the next 30 years, a figure eight times higher than all plants species registered as extinct since 1500 worldwide. On the other hand, the authors demonstrate that this scenario can be avoided without damaging agriculture. They point to a series of public and private policies already in progress or still in development that, if coordinated and focused on this objective, could avoid the projected extinctions. The international study was coordinated by Brazilian researchers.

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners publish the article "Improving land management in Brazil: A perspective from producers" in the journal Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

    The new article elaborated by the International Institute for Sustainability (IIS) in partnership with other institutions was published online (pdf available here) on March 1st, 2017 in the journal Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. The article entitled "Improving land management in Brazil: A perspective from producers" is the first study to systematically assess the barriers to and the conditions surrounding the adoption of good agricultural practices in Brazilian pasturelands from the perspective of the farmers from the Amazon biome involved in the implementation of these practices.

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners publish the article "Reconciling Rural Development and Ecological Restoration: Strategies and Policy Recommendations for the Atlantic Forest" in Land Use Policy Magazine

    The article shows that the Paraitinga Watershed, an important area located in the Atlantic Forest and responsible for the provision of several Ecosystem Services, has great potential for reconciling productive activities and natural resources conservation. There is, in the region, a great potential for increasing cattle ranching productivity, contributing for sparing areas for other uses such as restoration. For doing so, it is essential that policies are implemented in order to assure no negative effects of increased productivity occur, as well as to assure restoration success.

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners publish the article “The role of natural regeneration to ecosystem services provision and habitat availability: a case study in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest” in the special volume on natural regeneration of Biotropica Magazine (Volume 48, Issue 6)

    The article “The role of natural regeneration to ecosystem services provision and habitat availability: a case study in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest” investigated the benefits of natural regeneration for climate change, sediment retention and biodiversity conservation through a case study in the Atlantic Forest.

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners publish the article "Natural regeneration and biodiverisity: a global meta-analysis and implications for spatial planning" in the special volume on natural regeneration of Biotropica Magazine (volume 48, issue 6).

    The article “Natural regeneration and biodiversity: a global meta-analysis and implications for spatial planning” conducted conducted a meta-analysis for tropical regions and quantified the relationships between both ecological and socioeconomic factors and biodiversity responses in naturally regenerating areas, and presented a case study for the Atlantic Forest on the influence of the forest code for the environmental adequacy.

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  • Publicacoes
    The Business Case for a more sustainable cattle ranching

    This document intends to draw a complete panorama of the economic performance and optimization of the land use in livestock farms in the state of Mato Grosso (MT), and the impacts of intensification strategies, crop-pasture integration with restoration opportunities and forest code adequacy, without which it is not possible to achieve legality, nor natural resources resilience, so dear to the activity. Therefore, it aims at offering an instrument for decision-making support of producers towards an improved livestock, but also, to foment public policies sensitive to the theme. The instrument offered here is the Bio economic Model, developed as a system capable of conjugating economic and environmental analysis, applicable at farm levels, whose impacts might reverberate through the whole value chain. Partners: ICV and Solidaridad. Support: Norad

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  • Publicacoes
    Subsidies for a sustainable agriculture in Mato Grosso

    This report developed by the IIS team had as main objective to provide subsidies for the improvement of policies and incentives for the sustainable development of the state of Mato Grosso (MT). For this, an integrated land use analysis was done, as well as the modeling of future scenarios considering the main commodities in the state. The generated knowledge can be replicated in other regions able to intensify agricultural production allied with the preservation of natural vegetation in the different biomes. Partners: ICV and Solidaridad. Support: Norad

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  • Publicacoes
    IIS and partners have contributed to the development of one chapter of the book "Beyond the ecological restoration. Social Perspectives in Latin America and the Caribbean."

    With great satisfaction, the International Institute for Sustainability (IIS) was invited to participate in this publication, which focused on the social perspectives of ecological restoration, organized by Mexican authors. Coordinated by Luisa Lemgruber (IIS), the Institute in partnership with renowned Brazilian researchers, wrote a chapter for the book "Beyond the ecological restoration. Social Perspectives in Latin America and the Caribbean". The book addresses social aspects of ecological restoration, including theoretical reflections and representative case studies in eleven countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, including Brazil. Some of the topics covered by the book are: the impacts of ecological restoration projects on the surrounding communities, restoration based on environmental education, restoration as a tool for human rehabilitation, agroforestry systems for rural landscapes restoration, among others. In February 2017, it will be available in English.

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  • Publicacoes
    A global meta-analysis on the ecological drivers of forest restoration success

    Restoration of previously forested land is a global priority, with more than two billion ha identified globally as potentially suitable for either passive or active forest restoration. Billions of dollars have been spent on ecological restoration methods, technology and knowledge capacity to achieve effective restoration outcomes. The ecological drivers (or factors) underpinning the success of ecological restoration, defined as a return to a condition used as a reference, remain unclear. A recente paper published in Nature Communications by Crouzeilles (researcher at the International Institute for Sustainability – IIS) and collaborators have filled this gap by identifying for the first time the main ecological drivers of forest restoration success, at both the local and landscape scale.

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  • Publicacoes
    Book "Sustainability Indicators in Practice" to download

    The book "Sustainability Indicators in Practice" is now available for download for free on our website.

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  • Publicacoes
    International Institute for Sustainability at glance: selected activities 2013-2014

    Available only in English, this report resumes the main activities developed by the International Institute for Sustainability on 2013 and 2014. The report was developed on the occasion of IIS participation at UNFCCC COP21 side event.

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  • Publicacoes
    Modeling the Role of Remaining Tropical Forests in Climate Change Mitigation

    This study focuses on tropical deforestation, assuming that action is taken to reduce emissions from other land use change. We find that in the absence of tropical deforestation, rapid emissions reductions of 80% between 2000 and 2050 in fossil fuel and other sectors would deliver a 65% chance of staying below the 2°C threshold. If tropical deforestation instead continues at current rates, the chance falls to 34%. To compensate the additional climate change caused by continued current rates of tropical deforestation, a doubling of global mitigation efforts (from 3% to 6% per year) would be required to maintain the same 65% chance to avoid temperature rise in excess of 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

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  • Publicacoes
    The role of natural regeneration in large-scale forest and landscape restoration: challenges and opportunities

    The document reports the discussions held at the workshop "The role of natural regeneration in large-scale landscapes restoration - building the foundations for a global partnership to promote natural regeneration." The meeting, held in Rio de Janeiro in November 2014, gathered members of academia, government, business and non-governmental organizations in the discussion on the role of natural regeneration in forest restoration and resulted on the document “Rio Call", aimed to stimulate public policies to natural regeneration in landscape restoration.

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  • Publicacoes
    Sustainable Agriculture – the Potential to Increase Wheat and Rapeseed Yields in Poland

    This is the first study that discusses spatially sustainable intensification of agriculture in Poland and critically assesses opportunities pertinente to such intensification. The results show that Polish agriculture can play importante role in contributing to sustainable agricultural productivity increase in resource-constrained world. The results presented here also demonstrate that yields can even be doubled, yet significant investment and relevant know-how for agriculture must be provided.

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  • Publicacoes
    Evaluating impacts of development and conservation projects using sustainability indicators: Opportunities and challenges

    In this study we have conducted a comparative analysis across multiple projects from three countries, which aimed to conserve biodiversity and improve Livelihoods. The assessment of these projects were designed to evaluate their positive, negative, short-term, long term, directs and indirects impacts. Our analysis shows that impact evaluation processes present good opportunities for applying sustainability indicators.

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  • Publicacoes
    Challenges and opportunities for improving eco-efficiency of tropical forage-based systems to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions

    This paper highlights the potential of improved tropical forages, linked with policy incentives, to enhance livestock production, while reducing its environmental footprint. Emphasis is on crop-livestock systems. We give examples for sustainable intensification to mitigate GHG emissions, based on improved forages in Brazil and Colombia, and suggest future perspectives.

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  • Publicacoes
    A large-scale field assessment of carbon stocks in human-modified tropical forests

    The study conducted by scientists of Brazil and the United Kingdom affirms that a number of factors such as selective logging, partial destruction caused fire and fragmentation resulted from pastures and crops may be subtracting about 54 million tons of carbon per year from forests, which are released to the atmosphere as greenhouse gases. This carbon loss corresponds to 40% of those caused by total deforestation.

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  • Publicacoes
    Contributions to the development of sustainable livestock on a large scale in the micro region of Alta Floresta, MT

    In this study, IIS presents the challenges and opportunities to the development of public policies destined to the adoption of large-scale intensification of sustainable livestock, and to reconcile forests conservation with the future demands for the micro-region of Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso. Partners: ICV and Solidaridad. Support: Moore and Norad

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  • Publicacoes
    Economic Analisys of a More Sustainable Livestock

    IIS developed an economical and financial analysis model of livestock, through information obtained with Programa Novo Campo, in order to comprehend and identify best practices adoption scenarios with technical assistance and pastures intensification. The document also presents some considerations for farmers and the financial and public sectors. Partners: ICV and Solidaridad. Support: Moore and Norad.

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  • Publicacoes
    Sustainable Landscapes: reconciliating rural development and environmental conservation

    The document provides the resume of the lectures and also a brief of the discussions on the workshop, held on March 25th/26th, 2015, in Rio de Janeiro. Tools as biochar and financial strategies for sustainable landscapes have been addressed, and also several case studies on forest restoration and low carbon farming.

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  • Publicacoes
    Creating space for large-scale restoration in tropical agricultural landscapes

    In an article published in "Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment", researchers from IIS, USP and Stockholm Environment Centre shows that forest restoration on a large scale is possible, by increasing the productivity of sustainable pastures.

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  • Publicacoes
    When enough should be enough: Improving the use of current agricultural lands could meet production demands and spare natural habitats in Brazil

    Study coordinated by the International Institute for Sustainability (IIS), in partnership with Embrapa and INPE and published in the journal 'Global Environmental Change' shows that a better use of areas already dedicated to cattle ranching can reconcile a significant expansion of national agriculture with zero deforestation.

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  • Publicacoes
    Developing a sustainable agricultural sector in Suriname

    IIS was contracted by Conservation International to study developing sustainable agricultural sector in Suriname.

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  • Publicacoes
    Understanding relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people

    IIS was invited to join a Global Forest Expert Panel to prepare a report on global assessment on Biodiversity, Forest Management and REDD+. The Expert Panel included 24 scientists and other experts from a variety of biophysical and social science disciplines and additional 18 contributing authors, who added their expertise to the assessment.

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  • Publicacoes
    REDD+ Mechanism

    IIS developed a global incentive mechanism for REDD+ based in complementary incentives to reduce the historical flow of emissions and avoid the conversion of carbon stocks. The "Combined Incentives" mechanism was recognized as a leading option for REDD+ implementation by a number of reviews and was implemented in the landmark Norway-Guyana agreement.

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  • Publicacoes
    Global congruence of carbon storage and biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems

    IIS coordinated the first high-resolution study to map and analyse global patterns of biodiversity and carbon stocks distribution. The main goal was to investigate potential synergies between carbon and biodiversity-oriented conservation.

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  • Publicacoes
    Increasing agricultural output while avoiding deforestation – Mato Grosso State analysis

    The purpose of this study is to inform debates associated with Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) and sustainable supply chains strategies about the implementation gap and practical on-the-ground solutions for conciliating agriculture productivity increase and avoided deforestation. It focuses both at the producer level, investigating financial requirements, and at a broader implementation level, discussing possible financing and deliverable mechanisms.

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  • Publicacoes
    Biophysical suitability, economic pressure and land-cover change: a global probabilistic approach and insights for REDD+

    In this study, we spatially examined the influence of biophysical agricultural suitability and an integrated index of “Economic Pressure on Land” (EPL) on long-term past land-cover change. We also predicted future land-cover change until 2050.

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  • Publicacoes
    State program for conservation and recuperation of forest cover in Espirito Santo, Brazil

    This project was a part of the Espirito Santo State strategic planning for reforestation and sustainable land use. IIS role was to assess potential conflict over land between increasing demand for agricultural products and conservation and restoration efforts. This study was framed within the ‘landscape approach’, recognizing the necessity to reconcile any conservation activity with growing human needs. It gives special attention to the ‘leakage’ issue that could arise when large-scale restoration efforts displace agricultural production, thus increasing pressure for deforestation elsewhere.

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  • Publicacoes
    Impacts of incentives to avoid emissions from deforestation on global species extinctions

    IIS coordinated a study aimed at analyzing and mapping the potential impacts of carbon-based conservation (e.g. REDD) on global species extinctions. We have assessed the impacts of habitat loss on 4,514 species individually.

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